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Boundary Conditions: Reframing the Pepys Estate


Photo: Freddie Miller

New exhibition:
Boundary Conditions
Reframing the Pepys Estate

More than 50 years after documentary photographer Tony Ray-Jones captured iconic images of Deptford’s brutalist Pepys Estate for The Architectural Review, a group of image-makers has returned to explore aspects of contemporary life at the groundbreaking housing scheme. 

Venue and dates:
Gareth Gardner Gallery 50 Resolution Way, London SE8 4AL 
21 September 2023 – 15 October 2023
Private view, 21 September 6pm–9pm
Free admission


22 September, 6pm–9pm
23/24/29/30 September, 2pm–6pm
01/07/14/15 October, 2pm–6pm

New works by: Jérôme Favre, Gareth Gardner, Tim George, Freddie Miller, Danilo Murru. 
Archive works by: Steve Burden, Rob Kenyon, Dr Tim Livsey and James Price

Wallpaper* featured in 'This Month's Best London Architecture Exhibitions'
'The show is inspired by the The Architectural Review's seminal Manplan editorial programme of 1969–1970 – and gives it a 21st century twist.'

'Through words and images, Boundary Conditions beautifully reveals how social, political, and cultural contexts have played out against the architecture over the decades.' Veronica Simpson writing for Recessed Space

'With so much development in east and south-east London, it's easy to always focus on the new. Change is a compelling subject, and there's a lot of it about. That's why projects such as Boundary Conditions: Reframing the Pepys Estate are so important.' Jon Massey, Wharf Life

Gareth Gardner Gallery – the UK’s only gallery dedicated to photography of architecture and place – will host Boundary Conditions, an exhibition combining newly-commissioned photography with film, graphics and archive material. The exhibit is showing as part of the 2023 Deptford X art festival. 

Inspired by The Architectural Review’s seminal Manplan editorial programme of 1969–1970, the project also commemorates the completion of construction of the estate 50 years ago, in 1973. The exhibition provides a series of contemporary perspectives of the estate, while also investigating how its fortunes have fluctuated through history. 

Opened in 1966 by Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, for ‘the peaceful enjoyment and well-being of Londoners’, the Pepys Estate was prominently featured in the Manplan issue on housing in September 1970, illustrated by monochrome reportage photographs by Tony Ray-Jones. The magazine described the Pepys Estate as ‘a backwater’ that was ‘monumental in intention and socially monolithic’. Its towers and lower-rise blocks were inter-connected via raised walkways, allowing residents to walk from one end to the other without touching the ground. Internally, the split-level flats were designed with an innovative ‘scissor plan’. 

Today many of the more radical elements have been demolished or remodelled, one of the towers sold to the private sector and converted into luxury apartments, and the resident population is far more diverse than in 1970. The newly-completed photographic and video projects reflect the more complex and nuanced identity of today’s estate, set against its still-imposing brutalist architecture. 

Four projects explore the different meanings of boundaries

Jérôme Favre: Twilight 
An exploration of life on Pepys Estate between day and night, Twilight is a series of atmospheric images examining the relationship between the residents and the brutalist architecture. Far from the liveliness of the day, the estate becomes a much more contemplative place between day and night, colourful windows light up and the pace slows down, allowing for photographs to become more introspective. 

Gareth Gardner: Scissors
When completed, the three towers of the Pepys Estate were the tallest residential buildings in London. Internally, the interlocking split-level flats were designed with an innovative ‘scissor plan’ allowing each apartment to be dual aspect while using space to maximum efficiency. This innovative architectural solution by London County Council was implemented at several other locations within the capital yet subsequently hit a dead end. Scissors revisits each of the buildings and records their subsequent fate. 

Freddie Miller: The District
Pepys Estate is known as ‘The District’ by a group of drill artists who live there. Following Skitszo and his friends as they spend the long and still summer days hanging out 'on the block', The District explores the estate environment, aspiration and relationship with place among young estate residents trying to make it as artists. The project combines analogue photography with digital video and is predicated on a collaborative relationship between the image-maker wishing to create a snapshot of life on the estate, and subjects wanting images for music promotion. 

Danilo Murru: No Ball Games
Danilo Murru has been inspired to create two parallel sequences of work about the Pepys Estate. Colour images represent the estate’s physical and social borders, where it adjoins surrounding regeneration projects and planned areas of gentrification. Monochrome images depict moments within the estate, semi-abstract photographs of hidden corners and edge spaces that reveal the unintentional complexity and beauty of the estate as it has evolved over the last six decades. 

Tim George: Graphics and interpretation elements
Graphic designer and photographer Tim George is collaborating with curator Gareth Gardner to create a visual identity for the exhibition, inspired by the uncompromising original designs for Manplan. A number of contextual information panels channel Manplan’s spirit and pioneering printing methods created by The Architectural Review’s designers Michael Reid and Peter Baistow. 

Archive material on display 
The newly-commissioned projects will be accompanied by a display of archive material about Manplan, including original copies of the magazine, plus highlights from photography and videography artworks about the estate in the intervening 53 years. These include collages by Steve Burden,  the film ‘Reading Pepys’ by Dr Tim Livsey and James Price, and photographs taken on the estate by Rob Kenyon in 1981, commissioned by the Albany Summer Playscheme. 

Accompanying essay
An essay about the estate, by Municipal Dreams author John Boughton, has been commissioned especially for the exhibition. 

About Manplan
Manplan was an iconic moment in architectural publishing, featuring grainy reportage photojournalism and bold layouts, surveying the state of British architecture and town planning in a series of eight themed issues of The Architectural Review beginning in September 1969. The final Manplan, on housing (September 1970), was filled with the photography of Tony Ray-Jones (1941–1972), who visited a wide selection of housing schemes and locations around the country including the Pepys Estate and Thamesmead, 

RIBA exhibition
Wide-Angle View: Architecture as social space in the Manplan series 1969–1970
RIBA Architecture Gallery, 66 Portland Place, London W1B 1AD
13 September 2023– 24 February 2024

Our exhibition coincides with a major exhibition about Manplan at the Royal Institute of British Architects, featuring photographs from all eight Manplan issues. The exhibition features more than 70 original photographs from professionals including Tony Ray-Jones, Patrick Ward and Ian Berry. www.architecture.com/explore-architecture/exhibitions/Manplan-Wide-angle-view 

Artist biographies: 

Jérôme Favre
Jérôme Favre is a French portrait and documentary photographer based in New Cross, London. He specialises in street and studio portraits, and he has self-published two books (Peckhamites and No One Likes Us). He was also a winner of Portrait of Britain 2019, and his work has been published in newspapers and magazines all over Europe.

Gareth Gardner
Gareth Gardner is architectural photographer, film-maker,  journalist, gallerist and curator, based in Deptford. His wide-ranging client base includes architects, designers, publications and cultural organisations. In 2019, he opened his photographic gallery space in Deptford. An experienced journalist and writer, he is the former editor of interiors magazine FX, features editor of Building Design and has contributed to many different publications.


Tim George
Tim George is a graphic designer and photographer based in Walthamstow, East London. As a designer he has worked with some of the UK's leading architecture practices including AHMM, Hawkins\Brown and FaulknerBrowns. He has designed several books on architecture, such as Thinking Outside the Box (the story of the transformation of BBC Television Centre) and Walls and Boxes (a monograph of work by Guard Tillman Pollock), both published by Artifice Press. As a photographer, his work was exhibited at Gareth Gardner Gallery in 2021, and he has his first photography book coming out this autumn.

Freddie Miller
Freddie Miller is a documentary and fashion photographer based in South-East London. Freddie focuses on subcultural movements; photographing people and how they use style, objects and environment to construct meaning and identity. His work has been exhibited in the Royal Academy of Arts. He has been published in Britain and France and has also been featured by The British Culture Archive. 


Danilo Murru
Danilo Murru is a social documentary photographer originally from Sardinia and based in London. He graduated in fine art photography at the London College of Printing in 2003. Since then he has specialised in large format photography, finding inspiration in everyday places and overlooked urban details. Danilo often dedicates his work to the neglected urban periphery, industrial landscapes and places affected by conflict.


Deptford X
Deptford X is a visual arts charity based in Deptford, South East London. It fosters artistic talent and nurtures community within the borough of Lewisham and beyond. This is achieved through a free annual festival in Deptford and ongoing activity supporting artists and local communities throughout the year. Founded in 1998, Deptford X is London’s longest-running visual arts festival. Each year, a free, ten-day festival is staged, working with hundreds of artists to locate art at the centre of everyday life for all of the area’s communities.